By – Barlow Robbins
Head injury is an injury that affects the skull and the brain. It can be minor or serious and can either be penetrating or closed. Closed head injury happens when the head hits against any blunt object and it is penetrating when the object penetrates the skull and entered the brain. These injuries can lead to concussion. The major causes of these injuries can be road accidents, accidents at work or home, fall, assault, or sports injuries. Here are some how to tips for head injury.
Check for the Symptoms
The very first thing that you must do before applying first aid in any head injury is to check for the symptoms. People who have suffered from head trauma may lose their consciousness for a short or long period of time. They may also experience bleeding, fluid discharge on the nose, or speech related problem. Some of those victims of closed head injury may lose his vision, hearing, smell, taste, or may even vomit. It is also common that they have seizure, irregular heart beat and paralysis.
For Mild Head Injury
If the trauma on the head is only mild, you can apply ice on the affected area in order that the swelling be minimized. But you have to remember that the size of the bump does not have direct relation to the severity of the injury. It is a must to patiently observe the patient for any bleeding and other symptoms which can be sign of more severe problems.
First Aid for Head Injury When Patient Is Conscious
If the head injury comes from moderate or severe cause and the patient is conscious, it is very important to keep track of the breathing pattern of the patient. Pacify the patient and try to keep him calm. If there are bleedings, clean cloth must be pressed with direct pressure on the area to control significant loss of blood. When examining the wound, the debris must not be removed first or the blood clot on the hair must not be disturbed. If the victim is vomiting, he must be turned on the side and his head must be lowered. The patient must be immobilized by holding the body, the neck and the head on one line so that spine injury will be minimized.
First Aid When the Patient Is Unconscious
When the head injury caused the person to lose his consciousness, it is very important the he is not moved unless they are in immediate danger. Unnecessary movements can cause more complications to the injury, to the spine, and other associated injuries. The rule is, if the head of a person is injured, the spine may be injured too. It is a must that breathing and airway must be monitored. If the breathing is impaired because of airway problem, you can slowly and carefully tilt the head back until the normal breathing returns. If there is no pulse or the patient totally stopped breathing, you need to perform cardio pulmonary resuscitation. Keeping the head in alignment with the spine is also necessary if the victim is unconscious. Call immediate medical assistance.
Author Bio: Barlow Robbins is one of the larger law firms in the South East region with a thriving portfolio of private and commercial clients. We provide a full range of legal services to clients ranging from Commercial Property Contracts, Corporate Tax, Dispute resolution, Insolvency, Mergers & Acquisitions, Notary Public, Family Law and Personal Injury, head injury claim & Clinical Negligence.